Birth name Henri-Edmond Cross
Born May 20, 1856, Douai, France
Died May 16, 1910, Saint-Clair, Var, France
Movement Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism
Cross was the pseudonym adopted, at Bonvin's suggestion, by Henri-Edmond Delacroix whose mother was of British origin. He began studying at the Lille Academie des Beaux-Arts and in 1876 went to Paris. His early work, exhibited at the 1881 Salon, was sombre in colouring, but his Corner of a garden at Monaco which he exhibited at the first Salon des Independants in 1884, showed an entirely different approach. He had obviously come under the influence of the Neo-Impressionists and the theories of Seurat, Signac and their followers, and now painted in clear brilliant colours. He did not however exhibit at the eighth and last Impressionist exhibition where the first important paintings of the Neo-Impressionists, particularly Seurat, Signac and Camille Pissarro, were hung. Among Cross' most important works are Les Iles d' Or (c. 1891 -1892), Cypresses at Cagnes (c. 1908), la Ronde (1894-1895) and Antibes (1908).
Based on Phaidon encyclopedia of Impressionism, Maurice Serullaz, Phaidon, 1978