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Impressionism by 

 

Studies in impressionism by ; 1986

 

Cézanne by 

 

Cezanne, the early years, 1859-1872by ; 1988

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impressionism (1860-1886)

Impressionism is a school that arose and developed in France in the second half of the 19th c. – beginning of the 20th. It spread across whole Europe and brought a real revolution in the art world. The impressionism was an art school that strove to share an impression that would be perceived as something material. The aim of an impressionist artist was to “deliver only his own impression from things and not to worry about generally accepted rules”. He works on a picture right under open sky, makes small touches, uses only pure colours of rainbow, indenting to convey the whole intensity of light and life itself at one certain moment.

Despite the fact that impressionism was absolutely new school they had some precursors. You can find this tendency in some works of El Greco, Velázquez, Turner, Goya, Turner and Constable. But the main roles were plaid by French artists Corot and Courbet who were the immediate precursors. First the Word « impressionisme » was used by a journalist Louis Leroy : his review was published in Le Charivari and was devoted to the first exhibition. The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, “Impression, Sunrise”. Impressionism was an absolutely new technique that reflects new perception of reality. It was a tendency, which occurred against official art.

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Édouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, Musée d'Orsay

 

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